Dushman (1939)

Dushman (Hindi: दुश्मन) is a 1939 Hindi film starring K L Saigal, Leela Desai, Najmul, Prithviraj Kapoor, Nimmo, Devbala and Manorama. The film was directed by Nitin Bose and produced by New Theatres. Music direction was by Pankaj Mullick. The film is remembered for some of the most beautiful songs sung by K L Saigal. Not much is available as far as the storyline of the film goes, so I am skipping it this time. Just to remind you, the film may have more songs, but I am posting only those that are available with me.

K L Saigal – Karoon Kya Aas Niraas Bhayi :  Download

K L Saigal – Preet Mein Hai Jeevan Jhoko :  Download

K L Saigal – Pyari Pyari Soorato :  Download

K L Saigal – Sitam The Zulm The :  Download

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Legends : Khursheed

Khursheed (1914-2001) was a pioneer actress and singer of the Indian cinema. Her career ran through the 1930s and 1940s. She was born Irshad Begum in the village of Choonian in Lahore, then in British India. Most of her films were released between 1931 and 1942, a period during which she went unnoticed. Khursheed acted in a number of films for Ranjit Movietone and her leading men included K L Saigal, Motilal and Jairaj. She was among the two singing actresses of Hindi film industry who have shared stellar honors with the legendary actor and singer K L Saigal. The other one was Suraiya.

Khursheed – Main Prem Baag Ki Panchhi (Sitara 1939) :  Download

Khursheed – Pahle Jo Mohabbat Se Inkar Kiya (Pardesi 1941) :  Download

Khursheed – Mori Atariya Hai Sooni (Pardesi 1941) :  Download

Khursheed started her film career in the silent film Eye For An Eye (1931), the year when the first talkie film of the sub-continent Alamara was also released. Some of her films in 1940s were Musafir and Holi in 1940, Pardesi, Beti and Shaadi in 1941, Tansen and Nurse in 1943. Tansen was a high point in her acting career. She became known both as an actress and a singer and the song ‘Ghata Ghan Ghor Ghor’ became a rage of that time. Her other famous films are Mumtaz Mahal and Shahenshah Babar in 1944, Prabhu Ka Ghar and Moorti in 1945, Aage Badho and Mitti in 1947 and Aap Beetee in 1948.

Khursheed & K L Saigal – Chandni Raat (Bhakta Surdas 1942) :  Download

Khursheed – Ghata Ghan Ghor Ghor (Tansen 1943) :  Download

Khursheed – Mohabbat Mein Sara Jahan (Shahenshah Babar 1944) :  Download

Her last film in India was Papeeha Re (1948), which was a great hit, prior to her migration to Pakistan, leaving her mark in the Indian film industry. Khursheed migrated to Pakistan after the Partition of India, with her husband and manager Lala Yakub, who was also an occasional actor, where she settled down in Karachi. Later she divorced Yakub and remarried in 1956 to Yusuf Bhaimia, an admirer of her work, entrepreneur in the shipping business, and a philanthropist. After her marriage to Bhaimia, she appeared in few PTV shows. A number of private shows were also held by her admirers and by private institutions. Khursheed died on April 18, 2001.

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Legends : K L Saigal

K L Saigal (1904–1947) is considered as the first superstar of the Hindi film industry. Kundan Lal Saigal was born on 11th April, 1904 at Nawa Shahar in Jammu State. His mother was a deeply religious lady who was very fond of music. She used to take young Kundan to various religious functions where Bhajan, Keertan and Shabad were sung in traditional styles. Kundan Lal often accompanied his father to the interior parts of the State where he would soak into the folk music of Punjab and Kashmir straight from the wandering shepherds.

His formal schooling was brief and uneventful. He started earning by working in the Railways as a timekeeper and later at the Remington Typewriters as a salesman, which allowed him to tour to several places in India. Meanwhile, his passion for singing continued and became more intense with the passage of time. Finally, he landed at Calcutta in early 1930s and met R C Boral, music director of New Theatres. R C Boral took instant liking to his talents and Saigal was employed on a contract basis.

K L Saigal – Ek Bangala Bane Nyara (President 1937) :  Download

K L Saigal – Babul Mora Naihar (Street Singer 1938) :  Download

K L Saigal – So Ja Rajkumari (Zindagi 1940) :  Download

K L Saigal – Jab Dil Hi Toot Gaya (Shahjehan 1946) :  Download

It was in 1933 that his four Bhajans in the film Puran Bhagat created a sensation throughout India. Thereafter, Saigal never looked back. The real breakthrough came soon thereafter with the film Devdas in 1935, which established K L Saigal as the first superstar of the Indian cinema. It created history and the songs of this film were hummed in all corners of India. In 1941, K L Saigal shifted to Bombay where he acted and sang in a number of hit films.

K L Saigal – Hum Joliyon Ki Thi Toliyan (Non-Film) :  Download

K L Saigal – Jhulan Jhulao Ri (Non-Film) :  Download

K L Saigal acted in 36 feature films which include 28 Hindi, 7 Bangla and 1 Tamil. In all, K L Saigal rendered 185 songs which include 142 film songs and 43 non-film songs. In the film songs category, there are 110 Hindi, 30 Bangla and 2 Tamil songs. In the non-film category, there are 37 Hindi and 2 each in Bangla, Punjabi and Persian languages. By this time, alcohol had become a predominant factor in K L Saigal’s life. His dependence on alcohol had begun affecting his work and his health. It was said that he could only record a song after being fortified with liquor. He died on 18th January, 1947, at the age of 42. In 1995, The Government of India released a commemorative stamp in K L Saigal’s honour.

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Lost melodies part 2

Among the male playback singers of very early films of the last century, K L Saigal, Pankaj Mullick and K C Dey have their names etched in gold. It may surprise many, but K L Saigal recorded only about 180 songs during his lifetime. Yet he became the most emulated male singer of all-time in the Hindi film industry.

K L Saigal – Radharani De (Puran Bhagat 1933) :  Download

K L Saigal – Jo Beet Chuki (Pujarin 1936) :  Download

Pankaj Mullick – Sundar Nari Pritam Pyari (Manzil 1936) :  Download

Pankaj Mullick – Aaj Apni Mehnaton Ka (Doctor 1941) :  Download

.. more Lost Melodies »

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Vintage film : Dhoop Chhaon (1935)

Dhoop Chhaon was a 1935 Hindi movie directed by Nitin Bose. It was the first Hindi film to use playback singing. Before this, film makers did not use playback singers and the original actors and actresses sang their own songs. Curiously, actors were chosen specifically for their singing abilities. Nitin Bose came up with the idea of playback singing and he discussed this with music director R C Boral and his brother Mukul Bose, who was also the sound recordist in New Theatres, Calcutta. And it worked in a big way. From then on, the system of playback singing was introduced in Indian films.

K L Saigal – Andhe Ki Lathi :  Download

K C Dey – Baba Man Ki Ankhen Khol :  Download

K C Dey – Teri Gathri Mein Laga Chor :  Download

Pahadi Sanyal & Uma Shashi – Mere Prem Ki Naiya :  Download

Pahadi Sanyal and Uma Shashi were also the main actors in the film.

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